Clean Energy Development Strategies in East Africa: Barriers, Incentives, Policies & Programs

The Workshop on Clean Energy Development Strategies in East Africa was conducted in cooperation with the East African Community Secretariat, with funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development.  It focused on how utilities, regulators, and government agencies implement best practices for clean energy development.  The workshop lasted two and a half days including site visits to biogas plants developed by the Tanzania Domestic Biogas Programme.  Participants and speakers discussed the integrated resource planning process used by electric utilities to plan supply and demand resources to meet future capacity needs for their customers.  In particular, they focused on the following strategies for clean energy development:  renewable energy integration, utility energy efficiency programs and demand side management, rural electrification and regional interconnections.  This workshop assisted participants in formulating plans to address the growing demand for energy services in their home countries while meeting the ever stringent financial, environmental and reliability requirements.


This program included participants from Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.  The sponsored participants included:


  • Mr. Nolasque Ndayihaye, Director of Planning and Electric Project Studies, Ministry of Energy and Mines
  • Mr. Pascal Ndayishimiye, Director General, REGIDESO



  • Ms. Esther Wangombe, Assistant Director, Renewable Energy, Ministry of Energy
  • Eng. Joseph Nganga, Director, Electricity, Energy Regulatory Commission
  • Mr. John Ihuthia, Chief Planning Officer, Kenya Power & Lighting
  • Ms. Elizabeth Njenga, Capital Planning and Strategy Manager, Kenya Electricity Generating Company
  • Ms. Njeri W. Nthiga, Graduate Trainee Electrical Engineer, Kenya Electricity Transmission Company



  • Mr. Alexis Mutware, Head of Electricity Section, Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority
  • Mr. Claver Gakwavu, Head of Planning, Energy, Water and Sanitation Authority



  • Mr. Robert Dulle Charles, Ministry of Energy and Minerals
  • Mr. Ng’anzi Jumaa Kiboko, Principal Commercial Officer- Electricity, Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority
  • Mr. Thabit Salum Khamis, Zanzibar Electricity Company (ZECO)



  • Mr. Emmanuel Nsubuga, Energy Officer, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development
  • Mr. Peter Kityo, Environmental Officer, Electricity Regulatory Authority
  • Mr. Gerald Muganga, Manager of Planning and Investments, Uganda Electricity Transmission Company


Junhui Wu

Consultant, Energy and Concessional Finance (Retired)
World Bank

Denise Kutsch

Senior Investment Officer
Overseas Private Investment Corporation

S.P. Gon Chaudhuri

Renewable Energy College, Kolkata

Kristen Madler

Clean Energy Coordinator
U.S. Agency for International Development

Hancox Jaoko

Energy Specialist/Program Manager
U.S. Agency for International Development

Crescent Mushwana

Chief Engineer, Grid Planning Department

Fouad Dagher

Manager of New Products and Energy Services
National Grid

Hendri Geldenhuys

Corporate Specialist, Technology Department

Linda Dethman

Vice President, Program and Marketing Analysis
The Cadmus Group

Jesca Eriyo

Deputy Secretary General (Productive and Social Sectors)
East African Community